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Different Types of Security Guards and What They Do?

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When you choose Shergroup Security as your integrated security provider, you are choosing a company with heritage and integrity.

In today’s time, the security business is tremendous. Different businesses are rising and so is the need for security services. Businesses face numerous threats and hazards all-year-round which is why having a security guard is already a need for most companies and small businesses. Whether working in a residential property, private industry or government institution, the security guard has a similar responsibility. The primary responsibilities of the security guard are to protect assets by monitoring, reporting, and defending against any breach of security.

There are over a million guards employed today across every single country to protect not only the property but also the people in it.

The security guard sector is an important element of the economy, and it has experienced tremendous growth in recent years. Despite its enormous scale, many individuals still believe that the services it offers are all the same. This misconception couldn’t be more wrong, though! There are many different security guard services to choose from, and each one is better suited for specific needs.

There are various types of security guards, and it is critical to have the appropriate security staff assigned to the appropriate security assignment. Here are some of the numerous sorts of security guards and the services they provide.

What is Security Guard?

A security guard is someone who protect people, property, and assets from harm. Security guards are often hired by governments or private companies to patrol buildings, neighbourhoods, or events. Here is a breakdown of their key responsibilities |

  • Deterring crime | Security guards act as a visible presence to discourage criminal activity. Simply being there can make people think twice about theft or vandalism.
  • Surveillance | Guards keep a watchful eye on their surroundings, either through foot patrols or by monitoring security cameras. This allows them to spot suspicious activity and intervene before it becomes a problem.
  • Responding to emergencies | Security guards are trained to handle a variety of emergencies, from fires and accidents to medical situations and unruly behavior. They may also be responsible for contacting the police or other emergency services when necessary.
  • Enforcing rules | Security guards ensures that the people follow the rules and regulations of the property they are guarding. This involves things like checking IDs, directing foot traffic, or controlling access to certain areas.

Overall, security guards play a vital role in maintaining safety and security in a variety of settings.

Types of Security Guards

1. Government Contract Security Guards

Security guards that are hired by the government are often highly trained and armed. These security guards will be deployed to protect, secure, and defend government employees and property. These types of security guards can work in a variety of settings.

Their primary responsibility is to secure a specific site or facility, such as courthouses or military command centres. If a high-risk situation arises, they may be called upon to defend personnel and property.

In addition to the standard abilities necessary in the sector, Government Security Guards must have a “clean” criminal record before being hired. Those with criminal records are frequently ruled out as prospective candidates.

2. In-House Security Guards

In house security guards are personally hired by companies to work for them. They are not contracted through a private security agency. These security guards are paid by and report to the companies that hire them and operate under that company’s expectations.

Even though many countries prohibit internal security recruitment, certain firms continue to hire and are permitted to hire in-house security officers.

These types of security guards have a wide range of opportunities for employing including.
• Armoured Guards
• Bank
Hospital and Medical facility
• Cruise Ship
• Information Security industries.
• Hotel and Resort
• Nightclub Bouncers
• Museums

3. Contract Security Guards

This is the most common category of security guards. Private contract security guards are hired by private security agencies. Clients hire a security agency, which provides security guards that best fits the client’s needs.

Private Security Guard Options

When a company hires the services of a private security firm, they have various alternatives. Most security firms will offer some or all the following security guard services:

1. Unarmed Security

Security guards who don’t carry guns or any other weapons are called unarmed security guards. They are physically present on a property or business. They patrol every location, monitor the security systems, and respond to threats very quickly and efficiently. Not having guns doesn’t make the guards less valuable, their presence alone is enough to deter criminals or trespassers. Unarmed security guard’s tasks involve surveillance, patrolling, access control, policy enforcement, crowd control, searching and general crime deterrent. More than 80% of the world’s security personnel conduct unarmed security tasks.

2. Armed Security

Armed security service is needed for locations that need a tougher security service. Armed security guards are popularly used in high-threat environments where an individual’s life is in danger or if the business or property is located in a high crime area.

They carry lethal weapons and probably small firearms on the job site. They have to undergo additional training and state-mandated firearms certification to receive an armed guard license to legally carry a firearm. Armed security guards are often ex-military or law enforcement officers because they know about operating the firearm. Typically, armed security guards are hired by companies that deal with valuable products or services.

3. Bodyguards

These are the personal security officers who are assigned to protect a person. They are used for securing the lives of HNIs, dignitaries, celebrities, and other VIPs such as politicians. These body guards are generally well-armed and highly trained. They are also referred as to personal protection agents.

4. Video Surveillance Operator

Private security firms train their employees in video surveillance tactics and equipment before sending them to the client’s location. The operator may collaborate with other security guards to evaluate camera footage, conduct surveillance, and monitor the situation. Many businesses install surveillance cameras around the outside and within the facility to keep an eye on illegal activity.

The CCTV operation, which mostly requires monitoring activities, operates in a low-risk environment, but it must notice a major incident that influences the organization’s operations.

5. Patrol Guards

Mobile patrol security guards patrol your office and home premises on a dedicated vehicle day and night to check any suspicious activity or threat. Mobile patrols are not a constant presence. They patrol at scheduled times and emergency calls. Shergroup’s patrol guards are governed by a security tagging system to log times and dates of when the patrolling guards have monitored particular areas of the grounds. You can hire a permanent security patrol guard/unit to patrol your property at all hours of the day and night, or you can hire a mobile patrol unit to visit your selected location at predetermined intervals on predetermined days.

6. Event Security Guards

Event Security Guards are undoubtedly the most well-known in the profession due to their high visibility. They’re mostly in charge of crowd control and maintaining order at events such as concerts, sporting events, and professional conferences.

Event Security Guard’s responsibilities also include ensuring that attendees are only in areas where they are permitted and are not bringing forbidden things into the venue. They may be summoned to prevent or break up physical fights, particularly during occasions with a lot of alcohol or where emotions are running high.


The security industry offers a wide range of services, yet many people are unaware of their importance to their business or personal needs. When looking for different sorts of security guard service providers in your area, keep in mind that there may be a variety of solutions available to meet your individual needs or goals!

Shergroup offers security guards services for its clients based out in both the UK and USA. Shergroup’s a renowned security guard agency commitment to expertise and service excellence in manned guarding means that the best security professionals are hired to defend your property, assets, and interests, resulting in a premium solution. Click on the link below to learn more about our professional security guard services, and then contact our team to discuss your requirements.

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Last updated | 19 July 2023

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